國小教師對動物利用態度之探究

外文標題: 
Elementary school teachers’ attitudes toward the use of animals
校院系所: 
高雄師範大學 環境教育研究所
指導教授: 
劉湘瑤
出版年份: 
2008年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本研究之目的在發展一份國小教師對動物利用態度之量表,並藉此瞭解高雄縣國小教師對動物利用態度之現況,此外亦探討不同背景的教師,在不同動物利用用途之不同動物利用態度上的差異情形,以及三種動物利用用途分別在三種態度上的相關情形。 本研究首先整理相關文獻後,選定教學利用、科學利用與食用利用三種利用用途,瞭解教師分別在態度一(可隨意利用)、態度二(最佳動物福利狀態的利用)及態度三(不可利用)三種利用態度上的認同程度。以高雄縣472位教師進行施測,所得結果採用主成分分析法抽取共同因素,經兩次因素分析後,得到9個向度共33 題,共可解釋總變異量為61.147%,除了確認量表效度,亦以內部一致性考驗(Cronbach α)檢視量表信度,確保此量表的信度達到一定程度之要求。將所得資料再以統計方式分析,研究結果發現教師在不同動物利用用途之態度皆以態度二(最佳動物福利狀態的利用)認同度最高。教師的性別、宗教信仰、飲食習慣、飼養動物經驗、支持社會運動意向及實施動物教學意向,會影響教師對動物利用的態度。教師對動物利用的態度在三種不同動物利用上皆呈現正相關。國小教師認為飼養動物教學最重要的教學目標為「尊重生命」,教師若選擇飼養動物教學最主要考量原因為「符合課程目標及需求」,最適合飼養物種為「魚」,受測教師中以會實施飼養動物教學者居多,最主要考量原因為「可提高學習效果」。

外文摘要: 

The purpose of this study is to develop an instrument to assess teachers’ attitudes toward the use of animals. The survey is conducted to explore the relationship between their personal backgrounds and the differences in attitudes toward the use of animals. In addition, this survey aims to examine the correlation between three types of attitudes and three purposes of animal use defined by author. Three types of attitudes include careless use of animals, use of animals under the best animal welfare practice, and never to use animals. The three purposes of animal use involve educational use, scientific purpose, and use for food. The survey containing 36 items is administered to elementary school teachers from Kaohsiung county. 472 valid responses are collected and analyzed using principal component analysis and oblique rotation method subsequently, through which the formal version consisting nine dimensions with 33 items is established. Furthermore, the results indicate that most teachers recognize the use of animals under the best animal welfare practice. It is also found that factors influencing the teachers’ attitudes toward the use of animals include the gender, religious belief, eating habits, experiences of animal breeding, intentions to support social movement and intentions of animal breeding in teaching activities. This study shows positive correlation between the teachers’ attitudes toward the use of animals and their perceptions about the three different purposes of animal use.