台灣地區動物保護法實施後家犬與流浪犬數目變化之研究

外文標題: 
A Research on the Change of Keeping Domestic Dogs and Stray Dogs After Implementation of the Animal Protection Law in Taiwan Area
校院系所: 
國立臺灣大學獸醫學研究所
指導教授: 
費昌勇
出版年份: 
2003年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

動物保護法於民國八十七年(1988)十一月公佈,本論文主要是研究自民國八十八年至民國九十年間,動物保護法實施對台灣地區家犬飼養型態的影響。此一問題之探討主要是根據:(1)家犬總數;(2)每戶平均養狗數;(三)狗隻使用鍊繩情形。 (一)家犬總數 家犬總數之調查係以電話問卷的方式進行。從各縣市及直轄市之住宅電話號碼簿中隨機抽樣進行電話訪查。根據各地區養狗戶數百分比、養狗戶每戶平均養狗數、及總電話戶數,計算出各地區家犬數。本次家犬總數之信心水準95% Z=2.0,抽樣群體與母群體的最大比率(P)=0.5、信心水準(CL)=95%、估計誤差=限5%之內、抽樣母體為台灣地區各縣、市、或直轄市的住宅電話簿、抽樣方法為分層逢機抽樣法、實際有效樣本總數在民國八十八年與民國九十年分別為10,913及10,642,均超過10,000戶。結果民國八十八年全國家犬合計2,101,492隻,民國九十年全國家犬合計1,790,179隻,減少了311,313隻。 (二)每戶平均養狗數 在每戶養狗狗數分佈狀況方面,民國八十八年家狗每戶之飼養狗數與民國九十年之分佈類似,無顯著差異(p>0.05),顯示狗數之減少並非台灣所有養狗家庭之改變,而是養狗意願不高之邊緣家庭退出養狗行列。 (三)狗隻使用鍊繩情形 在狗使用鍊繩情形,民國九十年與民國八十八年類似,使用鍊繩之家庭分別為46.6%與47.9%,無顯著差異(p>0.05)。 (四)家狗總數下降之可能原因分析 (1) 經濟不景氣:根據Lloyd and John (1980) 之研究顯示,飼養寵物的盛行率與個人所得有正相關性,所得越高的地區,寵物數會越多。近年來台灣之平均所得大幅下降,致使很多養狗邊緣家庭退出養狗行列。各地動物醫院之門診量顯著衰退即為佐證。 (2) 政府執行動物保護法增加飼主責任,使養狗意願不高之邊緣家庭退出養狗行列:自從動物保護法實施之後,行政院農業委員會畜牧處及動植物防疫檢疫局,均積極依法於各級政府具體推動各項政策。包括設立900餘處之寵物登記站、斥資二億餘元於各縣市建造動物收容所、每年進行收容所評估及推動寵物絕育、舉辦動物保護檢查人員及義務動物保護檢查人員訓練、各種有關動物保護知識之獸醫師在職訓練、優良動物保護檢查人員評鑑、優良寵物登記站評鑑、各縣市動物保護業務績效評鑑、審核寵物登記績效、補助辦理推廣犬隻認領養、於各中小學訓練種子教師推廣動物保護法、及其他各項推廣園遊會等活動。 (3) 地方政府的措施:由於台灣飼養寵物及關心動物福利的族群漸增,動物保護團體於各縣市陸續成立,也成為地方政府的重要施政項目。近年來,各縣市政府都非常關心且有具體措施納入縣市工作內容。 (4) 認養制度落實,使棄養有出口,不想養狗之家庭不再勉強飼養。 (5) 絕育制度成績開始出現:流浪狗的主要來源是家狗棄養,八十八年調查顯示家狗有45.2%是來自於朋友的狗生產後送養,受贈的家庭飼養意願不高,棄養亦多,因此家狗的絕育是自上游杜絕流浪狗的重要措施。農委會畜牧處及防檢局近年來均以經費補助及工作評比方式,來加強推動寵物絕育。此外,動物收容所認養情形增加。

外文摘要: 

The Animal Protection Law was publicly announced in November 1998. This essay mainly conducts research on the effect on the form of domestic dogs keeping in Taiwan by the Animal Protection Law from 1999 to 2001. The parameters of this investigation on this problem include: (1) Total number of domestic dogs; (2) Average number of dogs kept in each household; (3) Condition of utilization of dog chains. (I) Total number of domestic dogs The investigation on the total number of domestic dogs is by means of collection of data via questionnaire by telephone. Telephone interview is conducted by disorderly random sampling from the residential telephone books of various counties and direct jurisdictional cities. The number of domestic dogs in various districts is calculated according to the percentage of the number of dog keeping households in various districts, average dog keeping per household and the total number of households being called. The confidence standard of total number of domestic dogs this time is 95%Z=2.0 and the maximum ratio of the sampling group and the parent group (P) is = 0.5, confidence level (CL) is =95% reliability interval and the bound on the error of estimation is =within plus and minus 2.5%. The sampling parent group is the residential telephone books of various counties, cities or direct jurisdictional cities in Taiwan. The sampling method is divisional random sampling method. In 1999 and 2001 the total number of actual effective samples exceeds 10,000 households is 10,913 and 10,642 respectively. The results shows that in 1999 there are 2,101,492 domestic dogs in the country and in 2001, the total number of domestic dogs in the country were 1,790,179 and the difference is about 311,313. (II) Average number of dogs kept by each household In respect of the distribution of dog keeping in each household, in 1999 the number of domestic dogs kept by each household and the distribution in 2001 is similar. For family that only keeps one dog the percentage is 72.4% and 71.8% respectively and there is no significant difference (p>0.05). It shows that the reduction of number of dogs is really not only the change of all dog-keeping families in Taiwan. It is because the edge family that has no high intention of keeping dogs has w