本研究目的是比較花蓮地區民眾有無飼養寵物狗的民眾其「身心健康」與「生活品質」的不同。再進一步探討不同背景變項及飼養寵物狗的數量及年資對「身心健康」與「生活品質」的影響。 本研究以一般健康量表（General Health Scale, G.H.S.）及「世界衛生組織生活品質問卷」（World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF, WHOQOL-BREF）為研究工具，分別採樣花蓮市及花蓮縣吉安鄉18歲以上有飼養寵物狗及無飼養寵物狗之民眾各200人，資料以描述性統計、t 考驗、單因子變異數分析、迴歸分析等統計方法處理。 研究結果顯示，飼養寵物狗的民眾身心健康及生活品質都較無飼養寵物狗者更佳，且飼養5~7隻的寵物狗及飼養年資10年以上的人有較佳的身心健康及生活品質。背景變項對身心健康的影響，顯示已婚同居的人較健康；背景變項對生活品質的影響，顯示已婚同居及基督徒生活品質較高；比較背景變項與飼養寵物狗者不同變項之差異，顯示在身心健康及生活品質無顯著差異。再進一步經迴歸分析，發現飼養寵物狗可預測身心健康及生活品質。
The purpose of this study was to compare the people who have pet dog , and the people who not have pet dog in the Hualien area, their 「physical and mental health」and 「quality of life」 differences. In this study , the research tool was the「General Health Scale, GHS」and「Taiwan condensed version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire」(World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF, WHOQOL-BREF). The study sample is over 18 years old of people in Hualien City and Ji-an Township , the people who have pet dog 200 and the people who not have pet dog 200, and to study t-test and ANOVA , regression analysis and other methods for processing. The results showed that people who have pet dogs in health and quality of life than those without pet dogs better, have 5 to 7 pet dogs and pet dogs for over 10 years people have better health and quality of life. Background variables on the physical and mental health effects, showing married people healthier; background variables on quality of life, showing married people and Christian higher quality of life; Analysis of the background variables and whether has a pet dog, are displayed with the health and quality of life was no significant difference. Further regression analysis found that pet dogs can predict physical and mental health and quality of life.