與生命的互動,從「在乎」開始—動物輔助治療與自閉症孩子的交會

外文標題: 
Life Interaction Based on “Caring ": The Bond between Animal-Assisted Therapy and Children with Autism
校院系所: 
國立臺北教育大學 特殊教育學系碩士班
指導教授: 
呂金燮
葉明理
出版年份: 
2008年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本研究的目的在於探討與歸納動物輔助治療場閾的治療氛圍、兩位自閉症孩子在當中的轉變,以及動物輔助治療與自閉症孩子兩者之間的關係。研究主要採質性研究方法中錄影、觀察、訪談與其他相關文件蒐集的方式進行。因兩位自閉症孩子在口語表達方面有所限制,所以除了對動物輔助治療課程做錄影、觀察之外,更是訪談了與此治療課程關係最深切且與孩子接觸最直接的治療師、三位狗主人、以及兩位家長。 綜合動物輔助治療場閾「為了讓孩子更好」的治療氛圍及兩位自閉症孩子在當中的轉變,亦即「從不在意到關注」與「從低動機到在乎」,研究者歸納出動物輔助治療與自閉症孩子彼此之間因為互動的歷程所產生的雙向關係,可以分為三個面向來看: 一、一個都不能少:整個動物輔助治療的促成需要多方的協助與支持,少了團隊任何一個成員,團隊運作都將產生困難,而團隊期待每一位來接受動物輔助治療的自閉症孩子都有自己的進步,所以對團隊而言自閉症孩子也一個都不能放棄。 二、成就感與自我價值感醞釀了「在乎」之情:在「在乎」之前,自身成就感與自我價值感的情愫悄然醞釀,它聯繫著後續在乎之情的延續。 三、一切起自於「在乎」:人與人彼此的關係連結,均起自於對對方的在乎,在動物輔助治療場閾裡亦是,一開始動物輔助治療團隊對自閉症孩子的關愛,引發後續自閉症孩子對場閾裡狗狗和其他人的關注與在乎。 研究者綜合所有蒐集到的資料,歸納出如下之研究結果: 一、動物輔助治療提供場閾中的每個人一個學習的機會:在現場觀察過程中以及後續研究資料的整理過程裡,發現因這個治療課程而進步的人,不僅只是孩子本身,在場的每一位參與者,都有了不同的成長與人生體悟。 二、動物輔助治療與自閉症孩子的交會,從「在乎」開始:不管是動物輔助治療團隊的付出,或是後續孩子的回饋,都起自於對對方的在乎。 文末並根據自己的研究歷程做一省思,以及對從事動物輔助治療者、特殊教育工作者以及後續的研究方向提出相關的建議。

外文摘要: 

The purposes of this study is to investigate and classify the atmosphere of Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT), the transition of 2 children with Autism, and the connection between AAT and Children with Autism. The data of this qualitative study were mainly collected from recording, observation, interviews and collecting related information from other resources. Due to the limitation on the ability of oral expression from the 2 research targets, the researcher not only recorded and observed the therapy process, but also interviewed the therapist, the dog owners, and the parents who had the most direct contact with the research targets. Combining the atmosphere of “making the kids better” in ATT with the transition of the 2 children with Autism, which showed “from ignoring to caring” and “from low motivation to paying attention”. The researcher discovered that the two-way connection of AAT and children with Autism can be observed in 3 directions: I.Leave no one out: Forming the Animal Assisted Therapy Team requires support and help in many ways. Without any one, the function of the team will be very difficult ; every child receiving the therapy are considered as individuals that are loved, unique, and important. The team expects each and every one of them to have their own progress, so none of the children with Autism shall be given up on. II.The self-fulfillment and self values incubate “caring”: The self-fulfillment and self values incubates silently, it relates to the continuation of the latter stage “caring” . III.Everything begins with “Care”: The connection of people begins with caring each other. It works the same in the ATT field. The initial care from the AAT team to children with Autism results in them taking their first steps paying attention and caring towards the dogs and the others. The researcher summed up all the information collected, and generalized the following results: I.ATT provides everyone in the field a leaning opportunity: In the process of on-site observation and classifying follow-up information, the researcher discovers that not only the children receiving therapy have progressed. All those participated in the process have gained valuable life experiences and inspirations. II.The interactions between the ATT team and children with Autism begin with “Care”: From the devotion of the ATT team, to the feedback from children after the therapy, it all begins with caring each other. At the end of the research, the researcher introspected the study according to the research process, and concluded related suggestions for Animal Assisted Therapists, teachers in Special Education and research directions for follow-up researches.