「動物城市」-狗作為寵物與棄物的都市遭遇

外文標題: 
〝Animal’s City〞: Urban Encounter of the Dog as a Pet or as an Abandonee
校院系所: 
東海大學 建築學系
指導教授: 
羅時瑋
出版年份: 
2009年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

本論文關注都市空間中寵物狗與流浪狗的遭遇與爭議等現象,並以台中都會區為範圍,實地進行寵物消費、流浪狗收容之空間調查,整理分析狗在人類社會的空間實踐中作為寵物與棄物的都市遭遇,以及其內在邏輯。 論文中提出寵物狗生命過程的空間包括:「商品化」、「擬人化」、情感性、社交、休閒……等,所建構「寵物商品化」的空間氛圍;並探討流浪狗空間在社會觀念下,對於流浪狗的被棄、收容、認養,所建構「棄物化」的空間氛圍。而動保團體試圖突破寵物商品邏輯的空間論述及實踐,則提供了在寵、棄邏輯之外的反思角度。。 在上述的分析,研究發現寵到棄的過程中,經由人對於狗之「商品化」、「擬人化」、「棄物化」的價值認知,建構了寵物、棄物的空間邏輯。寵物狗經由市場消費的機制成為「具有生命的商品」,飼主一方面透過在「擬人化」想像建構的寵物空間中消費,滿足了同伴關係上的情感需求及個人慾望,另一方面,卻也能在厭煩時,將之視為無價值之「棄物」予以拋棄,此下,都市中的無主狗等同「棄物」。弔詭的是,作為一種生命棄物,流浪狗之處置仍然殘存著「擬人化」的情感投射,如棄物化動物收容空間的流浪狗,被愛心收容,但實際上只是生命棄物的處理空間。 最後針對都市中的狗空間以動物觀念,提出目前寵物狗與流浪狗的「動物空間」可能性發展;期待提供相關研究者或規畫設計者多面向的認知與想像,讓台灣成為一個對動物友善的城市。

外文摘要: 

This research aimed to concern the situation and issue of pet dogs and stray dogs in urban areas. Setting geographic target in Taichung metropolis, the researcher made an on-the-spot investigation involving the pet consumption and acceptance of stray dogs to analyze dogs’ urban encounter in human society and its internal logic. This study points out a space of pet dogs’ life including the space for their being commodified and, personified, and for their sensation, social intercourse, entertainment and so on. In addition, the discarded space composed of stray dogs’ abandonment, acceptance and adoption was discussed. What’s more, by means of what animal protection societies’ having done to break the logic of pet merchandise, a new viewpoint has been provided. During the process of commodification, personification and Discardization”, the spatial logic between pet and junk is formed. Pet dogs become living merchandise via the mechanism of market consumption. On one hand, purchasing pets in a personalized virtual space can meet feeders’ emotional needs and personal desires. On the other hand, pets would be abandoned when feeders getting tired of them. From then on, those urban dogs without feeders are tantamount to junk. It is strange, however, that, as junk, stray dogs can still satisfy people’s desire for love. Seemingly, discarded dogs are well taken care of in animal shelters. But in fact, animal shelters are just room to handle living junk. It is hoped that this study can contribute to more understanding of animal space. The researcher intend to bring up some ideas useful for designers and planners. This might help Taiwan when in become more friendly places for animals to stay in.