中華白海豚之保育策略

外文標題: 
Conservation Strategy for the Population of Sousa Chinensis in the Westrn Taiwan
校院系所: 
國立成功大學 海洋科技與事務研究所
指導教授: 
黃煌煇
出版年份: 
2009年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

臺灣的中華白海豚族群已經被國際自然保育聯盟列為極危族群。目前已有記錄顯示,其出沒地點與臺灣西部沿岸許多經濟,工業之重點發展區域重疊,且將來陸續還有許多重大開發計畫,在急切需要保育中華白海豚的情況之下,如何進行海岸開發並維護生態的平衡,為當前所需面對的問題。近年來國際上許多保育生物維護與資源保育的新做法,值得我們在規劃及設計時參考。雖然國外已經有經驗的累積,可供學習與借鏡,但是由於文化及社會、經濟背景的不同,在取用上更應該因地制宜,以求得適合本國的方式與方法。本研究利用文獻研究中華白海豚之相關背景資料,參考中國大陸與紐西蘭等國在生態保育上的做法,來探討分析我國在中華白海豚保育不足之處,並針對我國目前在生態保育之相關法規現況進行分析,提出對於中華白海豚之保育建議與研究展望,以期能兼顧海岸開發與生態保育,達到保育與維護生物多樣性之目標。

外文摘要: 

The Sousa Chinensis in Taiwan has been listed as the Critically Endangered(CR) species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Present records have shown that the haunts of Sousa chinensis are overlapping with many economic and industrial developing areas in the west coast of Taiwan. Furthermore, there are a series of significant developments in succession in the future. Under the circumstance of urgent demanding of Sousa chinensis protection, how to make coast developments and maintain ecological balance as well is the important issue that we have to deal with today. In recent years, there are many new methods for ecological protection and resources remaining that deserve to be taken into considerations while we are making plans and designs for future developments. Though there have been accumulated foreign experiences that we can learn and adopt from, due to the cultural, social, and economic background differences, the applications of foreign methods should be adjusted in order to fit the local condition. This study adopted the research method of documentary analysis for gathering the background information and data of Sousa chinensis, and referred to the ecological protections utilized in China and New Zealand to identify and analyze the insufficiency of the Sousa chinensis protection and current ecological protection regulations in Taiwan. Then, proposed the suggestions and research prospection on the protection of Sousa chinensis, expected to give proper attentions to both coast developments and ecological protections in order to achieve the purpose of protecting and remaining the biological diversity.