新竹市濱海野生動物保護區多毛類動物相初探

外文標題: 
The Polychaeta Fauna from Coastal Wildlife Protected Area of Hsinchu
校院系所: 
國立新竹教育大學 應用科學系碩士班
指導教授: 
楊樹森
出版年份: 
2010年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

自2008年7月至2009年8月,共採集210個樣點的多毛類動物,及269個底土樣本。多毛類動物藉由外部形態鑑定進行物種分類並藉由遺傳標誌 (DNA 條碼)比對確認。底土進行粒徑分析,重建多毛類棲地種類。目前在新竹市濱海野生動物保護區多毛類動物生物多樣性達29種,而不同的物種對於棲息環境底土粒徑的選擇不同,所以在含泥量百分比不同的泥灘地內,存在不同的多毛類動物相。 新竹市濱海野生動物保護區多毛類(15科25屬) 物種名錄如下:磯沙蠶科(Eunicidae):灘岩蟲(Marphysa sp.);索沙蠶科(Lumbrineridae):異足索沙蠶(Lumbrineris cf. heteropoda (Marenzeller, 1879));歐努菲蟲科(Onuphidae):奇妙巢沙蠶 (Diopatra sugokai Izuka, 1907) ;角吻沙蠶科(Goniadidae):角吻沙蠶(Goniada sp.1);吻沙蠶科(Glyceridae):淺古銅吻沙蠶(Glycera subaenea Grube, 1878);多鱗蟲科(Polynoidae):背鱗蟲(Lepidonotus sp.);沙蠶科(Nereididae):單葉沙蠶(Namalycastis abiuma Müller, 1871)、腺帶刺沙蠶(Neanthes glandicincta Southern, 1921)、全刺沙蠶(Nectoneanthes sp.)、擬突齒沙蠶(Paraleonnates uschakovi Chlebovitsch et Wu, 1962)、雙齒圍沙蠶(Perinereis cf. aibuhitensis Grube, 1878)、圍沙蠶(Perinereis sp.)、多齒圍沙蠶(Perinereis cf. mictodonda,(Marenzeller, 1879))、軟疣沙蠶(Tylonereis bogoyawlenskyi Fauvel, 1911);纓鰓蟲科(Sabellidae):白腺纓鰓蟲(Laonome albicingillum Hsieh, 1995);龍介蟲科(Terebellidae):襟毛蟲(Pomatoleis kraussii(Baird, 1865));小頭蟲科(Capitellidae):絲異鬚蟲 (Heteromastus filiforms(Claparède, 1864)) ;海蛹科(Ophellidae):阿曼吉蟲(Armandia Sp.);錐頭蟲科(Orbiniidae):長錐蟲(Haploscoloplos cf. elongates (Johnson, 1901));燐蟲科(Chaetopteridae):中燐蟲(Mesochaatopterus sp.);海稚蟲科(Spionidae):錐稚蟲(Malacoceros sp.)、角才女蟲(Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802)、稚齒蟲(Prionospio sp.)、巢僞才女蟲(Pseudopolydora diopatra Hsieh, 1992)、無刺偽才女蟲(Pseudopolydora achaeta Radashevsky and Hsieh, 2000)、日本膜質偽才女蟲(Pseudopolydora cf. kempi japonica Imajima and Hartman, 1964)、鱗腹溝蟲(Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806));蟄龍介蟲科(Terebellidae):襟首葉蟄蟲 (Amphitrite lobocephala Hsieh, 1994) 、樹蟄蟲(Pista sp.)。 每一物種均有形態描述、重要分類形態照片,並建立新竹市濱海野生動物保護區多毛類動物的檢索表供物種鑑定之用。

外文摘要: 

From July, 2008 to August,2009,we have 210 sample sites for Polychaeta, and 269 substrate soil samples for habitat analysis from wetland of the Coastal Wildlife Protected Area of Hsinchu. Based on the external morphology and molecular marker (DNA barcode), we have 29 species of Polychaeta. Based on the particles size analysis, the detail biodiversity of Polychaeta distribution maps are presented in this report. 29 species of Polychaeta list as follow, Eunicidae: Marphysa sp.; Lumbrineridae: Lumbrineris cf. heteropoda (Marenzeller, 1879); Onuphidae: Diopatra sugokai Izuka, 1907; Goniadidae: Goniada sp.1; Glyceridae: Glycera subaenea Grube, 1878; Polynoidae: Lepidonotus sp.;Nereididae: Namalycastis abiuma Müller, 1871, Neanthes glandicincta Southern, 1921 Nectoneanthes sp., Paraleonnates uschakovi Chlebovitsch et Wu, 1962; Perinereis cf. aibuhitensis Grube, 1878, Perinereis sp., Perinereis cf. mictodonda (Marenzeller, 1879), Tylonereis bogoyawlenskyi Fauvel, 1911; Sabellidae:Laonome albicingillum Hsieh, 1995; Terebellidae:Pomatoleis kraussii(Baird, 1865); Capitellidae:Heteromastus filiforms (Claparède, 1864); Ophellidae:Armandia Sp.; Orbiniidae:Haploscoloplos cf. elongates (Johnson, 1901); Chaetopteridae:Mesochaatopterus sp.; Spionidae:Malacoceros sp.; Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802, Prionospio sp., Pseudopolydora diopatra Hsieh, 1992, Pseudopolydora achaeta Radashevsky and Hsieh, 2000, Pseudopolydora cf. kempi japonica Imajima and Hartman, 1964,Scolelepis squamata (Müller, 1806); Terebellidae:Amphitrite lobocephala Hsieh, 1994,Pista sp.. For each species, morphological description, taxonomic key and key figure for identification were given in detail as possible.