中部四縣市國小教師對於野生動物保育法及動物保護法的認知與態度

外文標題: 
The elementary school teacher’s cognition and attitude about the Wildlife Conservation Law and the Animal Protection Law in four counties of central Taiwan.
校院系所: 
國立臺中教育大學 科學應用與推廣學系科學教育碩士班
指導教授: 
陳麗文
出版年份: 
2010年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

近來違反野生動物保育法及動物保護法的相關新聞事件頻傳,可見這兩項與動物有關的法令未深入國人的生活中。本研究目的是想要探討中部四縣市國小教師對於野生動物保育法及動物保護法具備的認知程度與態度傾向。以分層隨機取樣法的比例分層抽樣抽取臺中縣25所、臺中市10所、彰化縣26所以及南投縣23所,總計84所學校共620位國小教師進行問卷調查,有效問卷為460份。研究結果發現:(一)約六成五國小教師對於野生動物保育法與動物保護法具較高認知程度,約有一成六認知程度較差。(二)國小教師對於野生動物保育法及動物保護法的態度傾向正向積極。(三)國小教師的畢業科系、任教別、參與生態保育研習情形,對野生動物保育法與動物保護法認知有顯著影響。(四)國小教師的出生年次、最高學歷、畢業科系、參與生態保育研習情形、以及飼養寵物經驗顯著影響其對野生動物保育法與動物保護法的態度。(五)國小教師對於野生動物保育法及動物保護法的認知程度與態度成正相關,且其態度受到認知的影響。因此建議:政府機關應善用大眾媒體,印製宣導手冊,提高法令宣導效益;教育行政單位應建立動物保護資訊平臺,分享網路資源;國小教師應多參與生態保育研習,並且多關心野生動物保育和動物保護訊息。

外文摘要: 

Recently, the news was considered of violations the Wildlife Conservation Law or the Animal Protection Law event keeps pouring in. Obviously, both the animal related laws did not thorough into people's life. The purpose of this study was wanted to investigate into the elementary school teacher’s cognition and attitude on the Wildlife Conservation Law and the Animal Protection Law. In four counties of central Taiwan, 620 teachers distributed in 84 element schools were extracted by lamination stochastic sampling method. The cognition and attitude of teachers were surveyed by questionnaire. Finely, there were 460 valid questionnaires copies. It was found that the cognition of the teachers about the laws were diverse. About 65% of them had high cognition degree, but 15% of them were low. It was shown that there were three factors would remarkable influence to the cognition of teachers: the major subject, teaching curriculums, and training time about ecology. The attitude of the teacher was tended towards positive to these two laws. It was also shown that there were five factors would remarkable influence to the attitude of teachers: age, major subject, educational background, the experience of raising pet, and training time about ecology. The elementary school teacher's cognition degree and their attitude were positive correlation. Moreover, the attitude of teachers would be affected by their cognition. It is suggested that to promote the cognition and attitude of element school teachers could be the three processes: (1) the government could publish the media, guide-handbooks, and playbills about the laws for animal protection. (2) The educational units and agencies could establish information network resources for animal protection. (3) The elementary school teachers could take the ecological training, and mind the information of wildlife conservation and animal protection.