動物保護法的立法精神是尊重生命及保護動物，是一種屬於社會關懷性質的法令。對於我國流浪動物保護的部分，基於人道立場，政府和民間紛紛設有流浪動物認養的相關活動及辦法以推動領養代替購買的觀念。筆者認為領養動物乃是基於個人發自內在愛心及關懷社會的一種行為，社會應該積極面對流浪動物的議題。 由於政府單位、民間組織對於流浪動物的領養有一套制度和作業流程，對於領養制度規定是否公平、合理、正當，如何建構一套完整的動物管理及妥善解決流浪動物問題的制度，促進人與動物之間的和諧關係是本研究的目的。 本文藉由文獻分析法及深度訪談法分析流浪動物領養的相關問題，了解我國動物保護法是否符合動物保護的理念，就流浪動物保護的立法目的與實踐情形是否存有落差、以及公、私立收容所之領養制度作比較討論，最後探討流浪動物領養的保護議題以提出政策建議與法令修正意見，作為未來可供立法的建議。
Respect for life and animal protection are the main legislative spirit of Animal Protection Act, which is classified as a sort of social care act. As to stray animal protection in Taiwan, the concepts of adopting instead of purchasing animals are realized through all kinds of activities and methods of adapting stray animals conducted by the government and the non-governmental organizations based on humanity. The author defines animal adoptions as a sort of personal behaviors based on love and social care. The society is supposed to confront the issue of stray animals. Certain systems and operation processes are established for animal adoptions by the government and the non-governmental organizations. The purpose of this study aims to the following objects: (1) the legitimacy and the rightfulness of the adopting systems; (2) the methods of constructing a complete system for animal management and solving the problems of stray animals, and (3) promoting the harmonious relationships between people and animals. This study takes Literature Analysis and Depth Interview Method as the main methods for analyzing the related issues of stray animal adoptions. The analysis aims to find out if Animal Protection Act couldn’t reach the ideals of animal protection; if the practice situation of Animal Protection Act couldn''t reach its legislative purposes, and the comparison of the adoption systems between the public and private shelters. In the end of this study, some suggestions about policy proposals and act revision of stray animal protection were proposed for future legislations.