飼主對寵物犬情感依附、棄養意向與狂犬病風險認知之研究

外文標題: 
Study on Attachment, Abandonment Intention and Risk Perception for the Owner of Pet Dogs
校院系所: 
國立屏東商業技術學院休閒遊憩與創意產業管理研究所
指導教授: 
呂江泉
出版年份: 
2014年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

隨著時代變遷,現代人開始將自己的空虛心靈寄託於寵物身上。因此,人們與寵物間開始衍生出情感之依附連結,寵物在人們生活中所佔的地位益形重要。但是,即使飼主願意將情感投入在寵物身上,卻不能保證飼主就不會棄養寵物。當寵物患得嚴重疾病、飼主飼養的興趣消磨殆盡、空間環境不再便利等問題浮現時,則有可能衍生出寵物棄養的問題。
近來狂犬疫病的再度出現,造成人們心中莫名的恐慌與不安,即使寵物與飼主間存在著情感的依附連結,仍有許多無辜的寵物犬無故遭到飼主遺棄。就中這股遺棄風潮背後的主因,令人百思不得其解。因此,本研究的目的在探討飼主對寵物犬情感依附與棄養意向間之關係。主要之研究命題有三:1. 飼主對寵物犬的情感依附會否正向影響棄養意向?2. 狂犬病風險認知會否正向影響棄養意向?3. 狂犬病風險認知會否成為情感依附和棄養意向之間的中介變數?
本研究採用問卷調查法收集樣本,再針對樣本進行信效度分析、項目分析、描述性統計分析、因素分析與獨立樣本T檢定之檢測。研究發現,當飼主對寵物犬心裡面所產生之情感愈深,相對因為「家庭經濟因素」與「環境變遷因素」而遭棄養的犬隻也會愈少,與寵物間「親密熟悉情感」也會愈深。同時,在寵物行為因素對家庭經濟因素之構面,達到高度相關顯著性,顯示當飼主與寵物間所產生的「寵物行為因素」而棄養的問題愈低,則飼主在與寵物間所產生的「家庭經濟因素」而所棄養的問題相對也會愈低。最後,根據研究發現提出相對應之研究建議,提供相關單位作為對應策略之參考。

外文摘要: 

As times go by, the emptiness of modern people began their spiritual sustenance in pets. Thus, people and pets start to derive some emotional attachment link, pets in people's lives has increasingly important position occupied. However, even if owners are willing to input emotionally in pets, but it can not be guaranteed that the pet owners would not abandon the pets. Whenever the pets were suffering from a serious illness, pet owners interested in breeding vanished, and there is no convenient space or other issues emerge, there might be derived the abandonment problem.
The recent re-emergence of rabies epidemics, causing people's inexplicable fear and uncertainty, and even there is an emotional dependency link between pets and the owners, there are still many innocent pet dogs have been abandoned for no reason, and the main reason behind this abandon trend remained baffling. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between the owners emotional attachment and the intention of abandonment. There are two main research propositions: (1) Will pets owners emotional attachment will positively influence the intention of abandonment? (2) Will rabies risk perceptions will positively affect the intention of abandonment? (3) Will rabies risk perception will become a mediator in between of the emotional attachment and the intention of abandonment?
This study used questionnaire survey to collect samples, further analyze the samples for reliability and validity, item analysis, descriptive statistical analysis, factor analysis and detection of independent samples T-test. The study found that, when the more motions of pet dog owners arising deeper from inside of their heart, the fewer abandonment relatively caused by "family economic factors" and "environmental change factors", and the deeper the "familiar emotional intimacy". Meanwhile, pet behavioral factors on the dimensions of family economic factors achieve a high degree of correlation significant, indicating that the lower abandonment problem when the arising "pet behavioral factors" between owners and pets, then the lower abandonment relatively caused by "family economic factors". Finally, some managerial implications with regard to pets dog abandonment are drawn based on the research findings, and suggestions for future researchers are presented.