探討墾丁國家公園內居民對臺灣梅花鹿(Cervusnippontaiouanus)復育態度之研究

外文標題: 
Explore Local Residents’ Attitude toward Restoration of Formosan Sika Deer (Cervus nippon taiouanus) in Kenting National Park
校院系所: 
國立臺北教育大學自然科學教育學系碩士班
指導教授: 
陳順其
出版年份: 
2010年
主題類別: 
摘要: 

過去臺灣梅花鹿在野外絕跡,因此墾丁國家公園自1984年進行復育,於1994至1997年陸續野放,迄今鹿群已由社頂擴散至周邊地區。由於鹿的活動範圍靠近人的聚落,鹿會有覓食、踩踏和磨樹等危害農作物行為。本研究的目的在探討比較社頂及鄰近地區居民對鹿野放的態度、變遷和作為。自2009年5月到7月間進行問卷試訪、修正內容並與專家討論而後定稿。2009年8月到2010年1月間在梅花鹿分布地區及鄉鎮里進行訪查,以非隨機的便利抽樣及滾雪球方式取樣。訪查結果共有155份有效問卷,其中農民佔55%。會危害作物的動物有9種,其中以山豬、松鼠和臺灣梅花鹿危害的比例較高。鹿危害農作物的行為中,居民認為覓食作物情況較嚴重(53.4%),其中只有15%受危害的農民強烈要求應補助圍籬的經費。受危害的戶數和過去比較,顯示鹿危害作物有增加的趨勢。對鹿危害程度的看法,以五分量表評估結果,有種植農作物者平均分數高於無種植者。居民對鹿復育持正面的態度且贊成復育者有(112人,72.3%)。較多人認為復育對當地有助益(93人,60%),也有較多的人不贊成開放打獵(平均2.83分)。核心區居民同意復育有益於發展當地觀光產業說法的平均分數高於非核心區(3.81分:3.24分)。居民對鹿危害農作物時的反應,較多居民採取立刻驅離(37人,23.9%)、無可奈何(31人,20.0%)或認為吃不多不予理會(22人,14.2%),採取積極申請補償者只有9人(5.8%)。居民中有飼養犬隻者84人(54.2%),養狗的主要目的為協助看家(77人,49.7%)。當其發現鹿被狗攻擊時的處理方法,非常同意應驅趕制止者佔多數(98人,63.2%)。對於預防鹿被野狗咬死的方法,認為應控制野狗數量,非常同意者最多有97人(62.6%),但對限制或列管養狗數量的主張,有38人(24.5%)不同意。

外文摘要: 

Formosan Sika Deer was extinct in the wild and therefore, Kenting National Park administration started the restoration project since 1984. They started to restore the Sika Deer population first and then released deer gradually from 1994 to 1997. Until now, deer population has expanded from Sheding and surrounding area. Since the deer’s proximity is close to human’s community, deer’s behaviors such as feeding, trampling plants, and rubbing trees might damage crops. The purpose of research is to explore local residents’ attitude toward restoration of Formosan Sika Deer between now and past. First, during May to July, 2009, we conducted pre-test on questionnaire, modified the contents, and discussed with experts to finalized questionnaire. Then, during August, 2009 to January, 2010, we surveyed through questionnaire to residents near deer living area in both non-random convenient and snowball sampling approaches. 155 effective samples were collected and, among those, 55 % were farmers. There were nine species of animals which were damaging to crops and, among them, wild boars, Formosan Sika Deer, and squirrels were considered as most harmful. In terms of deer’s crop-damaging behaviors, 53.4% responses considered feeding was on top of the list. However, among them, only 15% residents strongly ask subsidy for building a fence. Compare to previous researches, our survey results indicated that the deer damaging on crops was increasing. Furthermore, using (Likert) way to answer the five-point scale, when comparing deer-damaging survey results from farmers to non-farmers, we found that the former considered deer is more harmful. Other results included: most of residents held positive attitude toward and agreed with deer restoration (112 persons, 72.3%); most residents consider that restoration benefited locally (93 persons, 60%); and more residents were against public hunting (2.83 points). In addition, more focused area residents agreed more with that restoration is good for tourism than remoted residents (3.81 points : 3.24 points). Top 3 resident responses to deer-damaging on crops were: expel (37 persons, 23.9%), powerless (31 persons, 20%) and neglect due to minimal consumption (22 persons, 14.2%). Only 9 residents (5.8%) of our samples would actively applied for subsidies. Among surveyed residents, 84 had dogs (54.2%) and 77 of them (49.7%) raised dogs as watchdogs. When dogs were found to attack deer, 98 of surveyed (63.2%) agree to intervene. Furthermore, to prevent deer to be killed by wild dogs, 97 surveyed residents (62.6%) strongly agreed that wild dog population should be limited. However, 38 of them (24.5%) disagree.