From an economic perspective, this research proposes a policy instrument dealing with stray animals, which explores whether controlling births from the origin by government’s regulations can decrease the number of stray animals. This study first compares the similarities and differences on the evolution and law enforcement of animal protection campaigns among Taiwan, United Kingdom, and the United States to learn experiences from other countries. Then, major policy instruments currently used to deal with stray animals in Taiwan, their strengths and weaknesses, and their limitations are introduced, such that a new way can be suggested to handle this problem effectively. Finally, this study constructs a two-period game to analyze whether taxing on headstream breeders and forcing owners to neuter their pets can reduce the number of stray animals evidently. And the result is positive.
Taiwanese people generally lack concepts and knowledge on animal protection. Related policies are vague, and government’s determination to resolve the stray- animal problem is flimsy. Therefore, little progress is made under deficient self-control and legal constraints. Government here has adopted capturing and slaughtering to reduce the number of stray animals so far. These means are controversial at the moral level and their effects are limited. Thus, this study suggests controlling original births to reduce the number of stray animals using economic analysis. I hope that relevant policy makers evaluate carefully whether the proposal of this study can be incorporated into policies. On the other hand, government should make concepts of animal protection and proper care deep-rooted in our education system, such that every national knows how to treat animals well and respect lives. The stray-animal issue can be resolved only when both self-discipline and exterior confinement occur.