寵物狗依附對寵物狗入園規定態度影響之研究

外文標題: 
The Influence of Pet Dog Attachment on Attitude of Pet Dog Entering Regulations
校院系所: 
世新大學 觀光學研究所(含碩專班)
指導教授: 
王正平
出版年份: 
2012年
主題類別: 
關鍵字: 
摘要: 

由於人口結構與家庭的改變,少子化與高齡化社會的來臨,人們飼養寵物的風氣日益盛行,飼主與寵物狗之間常有著陪伴的關係,許多人將寵物狗視為家庭的一分子,在從事戶外休閒活動時也習慣帶著自己狗出門。目前國內許多風景遊憩區對寵物狗的入園規定各有不同,飼主在面對不同入園規定之態度也有所不同。雖然國內外相繼有學者研究飼主與寵物狗的依附關係,但目前尚未有相關文獻探討飼主的寵物狗依附與寵物狗入園規定態度之關係。因此本研究之目的在了解飼主的寵物狗依附對寵物狗入園規定態度之影響。
本研究以內洞國家森林遊樂區曾經飼養過寵物狗之遊客為調查對象。研究採問卷調查法,於研究基地之出入口、停車場發放問卷。問卷內容包含受訪者之寵物狗依附、寵物狗入園規定之態度、寵物狗飼養狀態(含曾經飼養及現在飼養兩類)、是否帶狗到森林遊樂區及基本資料等五部分。寵物狗依附之題項是引用Archer & Ireland(2011)所提出之DAQ(Dog Attachment Questionnaire)原始量表作為本研究之初使量表,共計35題題項;寵物狗入園規定態度則是參考國內外之寵物狗入園規定,有四種形式共計7題題項;寵物狗飼養狀態(含曾經飼養及現在飼養兩類)與是否帶狗到森林遊樂區皆為單一問項;受訪者基本資料之部分有7個題項。共計回收464份有效問卷;問卷所得資料除透過描述性統計了解樣本結構及各變數特性外,也透過探索性因素分析來萃取寵物狗依附之構面,並以卡方檢定驗證研究假設。
研究結果顯示,現在有養寵物狗與有帶狗到森林遊樂區的飼主對嚴格的寵物狗入園規定較不支持,反之,曾經養過狗與未帶狗到森林遊樂區的飼主較支持嚴格的寵物狗入園規定。寵物狗依附包含「親近與視為家人」、「陪伴與照顧」、「與狗接觸的正面感受」、「寵物依附的失去」等四個構面。不同身分飼主的寵物狗依附對入園規定態度關聯性之模式大致上相同,現在有養狗者與曾經養過狗者之寵物狗依附越高越不支持嚴格的寵物狗入園規定,反之,較支持寬鬆的寵物狗入園規定。
根據研究結果,本研究建議資源管理單位在考量寵物狗入園規定之管理策略時,除考量資源特性及寵物狗可能造成的遊憩衝突之外,宜考量寵物狗飼主之需求並同理其與寵物狗間的依附關係,選擇適切的管理策略,必要時提供相關配套措施和說帖,以降低寵物飼主的疑慮並能爭取民眾對管理策略的支持,進而提昇風景區之體驗品質及資源的永續性。

外文摘要: 

Due to the changes of population structure and family, the low birth rate, and the aging society, the prevalence of pet is increasing. Pet dog owners often have companion relationship with their dogs, treat them as one of the family, and often bring them during outdoor recreation. At present, parks in Taiwan have different pet dog entering regulations and owners’ attitudes toward the regulations are also various. Although several researches studied owners’ pet dog attachment, few of them explored how owners’ pet dog attachment influences their attitudes toward pet dog entering regulations. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to explore the influences of owners’ pet dog attachment on their attitudes toward pet dogs entering regulations.
Data were collected at the Neidong National Forest Park and visitors who have or had ever a pet dog were investigated. The questionnaire contained five parts, including pet dog attachment, attitudes toward pet dog entering regulations, pet care status, taking dog to the Forest Park or not, and basic information of respondents. Pet dog attachment was measured with the scale of Dog Attachment Questionnaire (DAQ) developed by Archer & Ireland (2011); attitudes toward pet dog entering regulations were measured with 7 questions; pet care status and taking dog to the Forest Park or not were measured with a question respectively; seven questions were used to measure basic information of respondents. A total 464 valid questionnaires were collected. The description analysis was applied to understand sample structure and distribution of each variable, exploratory factor analysis was employed to reduce items of pet dog attachment, and Chi square analysis was applied to test the study hypotheses.
The study results indicated that respondents having dogs now and owners bringing dogs less supported strict pet dog entering regulations. On the contrary, respondents having dogs before and owners without dogs with them more supported strict pet dog entering regulations. The pet dog attachment contains four factors, including “Closeness & Dogs as Family”, “Companionship & Care”, “Desire for, Positives from, and Dog Contact”, and “Absence of Pet Attachment”. In terns of the relation between pet attachment and attitude of pet dog entering regulation, respondents having dogs now and before have similar patterns; the more repondents attaching to their pet dogs, the less they supported strick pet dog entering regulations.
According to the study results, it was suggested when considering pet dog management strategies, resource managers should consider not only the characteristics of resources and potential recreation conflicts caused by pet dogs, but also the needs of pet dog owners and their pet dog attachment. If necessary, the implementation of strict pet dog entering regulations should have relative countermeasures to reduce the potential against from pet dog owners.