本研究以內洞國家森林遊樂區曾經飼養過寵物狗之遊客為調查對象。研究採問卷調查法，於研究基地之出入口、停車場發放問卷。問卷內容包含受訪者之寵物狗依附、寵物狗入園規定之態度、寵物狗飼養狀態（含曾經飼養及現在飼養兩類）、是否帶狗到森林遊樂區及基本資料等五部分。寵物狗依附之題項是引用Archer & Ireland（2011）所提出之DAQ（Dog Attachment Questionnaire）原始量表作為本研究之初使量表，共計35題題項；寵物狗入園規定態度則是參考國內外之寵物狗入園規定，有四種形式共計7題題項；寵物狗飼養狀態（含曾經飼養及現在飼養兩類）與是否帶狗到森林遊樂區皆為單一問項；受訪者基本資料之部分有7個題項。共計回收464份有效問卷；問卷所得資料除透過描述性統計了解樣本結構及各變數特性外，也透過探索性因素分析來萃取寵物狗依附之構面，並以卡方檢定驗證研究假設。
Due to the changes of population structure and family, the low birth rate, and the aging society, the prevalence of pet is increasing. Pet dog owners often have companion relationship with their dogs, treat them as one of the family, and often bring them during outdoor recreation. At present, parks in Taiwan have different pet dog entering regulations and owners’ attitudes toward the regulations are also various. Although several researches studied owners’ pet dog attachment, few of them explored how owners’ pet dog attachment influences their attitudes toward pet dog entering regulations. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to explore the influences of owners’ pet dog attachment on their attitudes toward pet dogs entering regulations.
Data were collected at the Neidong National Forest Park and visitors who have or had ever a pet dog were investigated. The questionnaire contained five parts, including pet dog attachment, attitudes toward pet dog entering regulations, pet care status, taking dog to the Forest Park or not, and basic information of respondents. Pet dog attachment was measured with the scale of Dog Attachment Questionnaire (DAQ) developed by Archer & Ireland (2011); attitudes toward pet dog entering regulations were measured with 7 questions; pet care status and taking dog to the Forest Park or not were measured with a question respectively; seven questions were used to measure basic information of respondents. A total 464 valid questionnaires were collected. The description analysis was applied to understand sample structure and distribution of each variable, exploratory factor analysis was employed to reduce items of pet dog attachment, and Chi square analysis was applied to test the study hypotheses.
The study results indicated that respondents having dogs now and owners bringing dogs less supported strict pet dog entering regulations. On the contrary, respondents having dogs before and owners without dogs with them more supported strict pet dog entering regulations. The pet dog attachment contains four factors, including “Closeness & Dogs as Family”, “Companionship & Care”, “Desire for, Positives from, and Dog Contact”, and “Absence of Pet Attachment”. In terns of the relation between pet attachment and attitude of pet dog entering regulation, respondents having dogs now and before have similar patterns; the more repondents attaching to their pet dogs, the less they supported strick pet dog entering regulations.
According to the study results, it was suggested when considering pet dog management strategies, resource managers should consider not only the characteristics of resources and potential recreation conflicts caused by pet dogs, but also the needs of pet dog owners and their pet dog attachment. If necessary, the implementation of strict pet dog entering regulations should have relative countermeasures to reduce the potential against from pet dog owners.